Civics Examination for Form Four| Pre-Necta| 10 Feb 2018

Civics Examination for Form Four| Pre-Necta| 10 Feb 2018


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Answer all questions


1. For each of the items (i) - (v), choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

(i) The elephant tusk on the coat of arms represents
A. state power
B. natural resources
C. national prestige
D. people’s power
E. national freedom

(ii) Which of the following is NOT a correct characterization of the informal sector in Tanzania?
A. lack of permanent business premises
B. business activities are regulated by taxation laws
C. employees lack social security protection
D. employees have little job security
E. employees’ wages are often low.

(iii) A gift that is given to the bride or her parents by the future husband in consideration for marriage is called
A. inheritance
B. engagement ring
C. dowry
D. a wedding present
E. a souvenir.

(iv) When local governments enact laws in their areas of authority, the laws are called
A. Standing orders
B. Local government order
C. Bills
D. Manifesto
E. By laws.

(v) A condition whereby individual rights are restricted to safeguard the rights of other people is known as
A. protection of human rights
B. execution of the natural justice
C. the rule of law
D. limitation of human rights
E. violation of human rights.


2. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Suicide is one of the critical problems of adolescent today. This disastrous act is committed for different reasons. Some adolescents often feel that death is the only way out of intolerable situations.
Those terminally ill and those incapacitated by serious illness or injuries commit suicide to avoid further pain. Yet others commit suicide to draw attention, to teach those who hurt them a lesson and to punish themselves for the shame they might have caused to others.
Most adolescents who commit suicide do so as a reaction to previous distressing events. Such common events include conflicts within the adolescent’s families, their failure to live up to the parents’ or guardians expectations and the adolescent’s failure to develop adequate interpersonal relationships within their families. These events often leads to suicide signals such as threatening to commit suicide or displaying actual tendencies to suicide and serious suicide attempts whereby the adolescent survives or leads to actual suicide.
The signals of suicide among adolescent include previous attempts, threat to commit suicide, feelings of alienation and loneliness and the presence of mental illness especially depression. Other signals are
lack of adequate impulse control, unexpected severe and prolonged stress and negative emotions.
(a) Provide a suitable title for the passage.
(b) What is the attitude of some adolescents towards death?
(c) Mention any two factors from the passage that compel some of the youth to commit suicide.
(d) List down two suicide signals among the adolescents.
(e) What is the attitude of the author towards suicide tendencies among the adolescent?
3. Outline five merits of gender equality.
4. Briefly explain five importance of free education.


Answer all questions
5. Democratic government and non democratic government are different. Prove the truth of this statement. Use six points.
6. According to the Legal and Human Rights Centre’s 2012 Human Rights Report, an average of 4,000 people have lost their lives due to road traffic accidents in the years between 2010, to 2012. Explain three causes and three prevention of road accident in Tanzania.
7. Examine six root causes of poverty in Tanzania.

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